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roman conqueror: a dozen years in the making, italy\'s maxxi museum is a work of art in its own right.
MAXXI itself is a permanent part of the exhibits.
It is a combination of light, architecture and art. \" --
Max Fordham LLP senior partner Henry Luker spent 12 years in Rome designing a building for contemporary art from an international competition sponsored by the Italian government in 1998, in the spring of 2010, visiting Maxi for the first time, national Museum of 21st century art. Theaward-
The winning design was submitted in Baghdad. born, London-
Architect Zaha Hadid and a team led by senior partner Henry Luker, including electrical engineer and designer Max Fordham consulting engineer, as well as lighting designer Mark Hensman at GIA equlighting. [
Design and construction of 312,000-
The 200 million square foot building is a protracted matter, mainly caused by the six changes in the Italian government and the intermittent stop financing caused by three different mayors.
As Italy\'s first national museum of contemporary art, it encourages new media experiments and social technologies.
Located in the flaminya district, where the former military camp is located, maxsi is now a residential area on the northern edge of Rome, away from the historical center of the city. [
The design of architect Hadid combines concrete and glass to create an interior landscape that gives visitors a sense of exploration.
This is an \"interactive, flexible art campus\" with galleries displaying hanging artworks and sculptures;
Lobby, walkway and open staircase to enjoy the performing arts in a spacious, open and smooth connecting space;
Research seminars in fashion, film and other design disciplines;
There is also an auditorium, a restaurant/cafe, and a library.
Luker had previously participated in the Tate, for which he designed the art storage facility in Southwark and the location in St. Ives, Cornwall.
\"I got one.
\"I have a deep understanding and appreciation of environmental control in art and art conservation, which is one of my areas of expertise,\" he noted . \".
But the horse x XI is completely different.
\"When I see the floor plan of the building, the floor plan to see the sky through the roof and the specified amount of glass ---28,000 sq ft--I was amazed.
\"Developing the lighting plan for the roof is a very difficult challenge,\" said Luker . \".
\"It\'s unusual for museums to have so many glass windows, especially in such a hot climate.
\"The challenge for his team is to ensure that the lighting of museum galleries and public spaces is uniform and scattered, while maintaining a view of the sky and keeping the sun heat at an acceptable level.
\"Lighting and environmental control are interdependent,\" said Luker . \".
In addition, it is in the opposite
With the design of the museum, the seismic code became part of the city\'s building code.
With 28,000 square feet of glass, unregulated daylight can be harmful and inefficient.
Hadid\'s design requires light to flow into a generous proportion of gallery space from all aspects including the roof.
Rome is hot and sunny in summer--
The temperature of the day hovers in the middle\'90s--
It is necessary to provide high
Efficiency components that control and adjust lighting.
\"The direct light of the midday sun in Rome can produce 12,000 football candles on the outside,\" Luker said . \".
The average daily Yin 500 fc.
Natural light plays an important role in the studio
Like the top environmentlighted halls.
\"We want to provide as much natural light as possible,\" said Gianluca Racana, a project building designed by Hadid for MAXXI . \".
\"Since most of the art works are created under daytime conditions, daytime lighting presents colors and surfaces in the artistic context and wants to appreciate them while watching.
Racana noted that adjusting the level of internal light to optimize the viewing of artwork based on existing daylight conditions and artificial lighting is a priority for Hadid.
The solution designed by the Luker team is a roof system with controlled skylights, blinds and beams designed to eliminate direct sunlight (Figure 1).
The roof features a range of sophisticated shading devices and buffer spaces to manage daylight and heat to achieve precise standards.
Movable internal blinds have been integrated into the building, air
The adjustment element is invisible.
These systems allow the internal environment to change as the external season changes, thereby reducing energy costs. [
All the technical elements are integrated on the narrow steellattice frame roof ridges that face concrete.
They also take the grating outside to protect the sun and scatter the light.
\"The double-layer glass extending along the length of the atrium is controlled by dimming blinds from translucent to power outages,\" Luker said . \".
The facade manufacturer in Venice mocked the proposed working model of the glass roof section and its movable parts.
The internal electric Aluminum blinds, as sunshades for the position of the sun, are regulated by the building lighting management system.
Both sides are dimmable fluorescent lamps mounted behind the lamp, the same length as the rib beam
When the amount of a day-
The light emitted by the lighting device is lower than the specified setting, and the control system produces the correct number of lighting device outputs.
Luker reports that 20 fc\'s are the target of reading in galleries and adjacent areas.
The material palette extracts different colors from natural light, from the deep black metal of the stairs to the reflection on the polished concrete floor. [
Figure 1 slightly]
The room is divided into five display floors.
From thin concrete roof beams, partitions can be hung to divide small spaces, or artwork can be hung from those beams.
The central atrium is covered with glass and light filtration systems.
Beams, stairs, and linear lighting systems guide visitors through a series of internal walkways that end up in a large space in the third spacefloor level.
Through the Guido Reni and the River téber, it can see the surrounding city landscape below, passing through the square. [
Artificial light integrating artificial light is also an important design element of the whole museum. (
Zumtobel provides light fixtures for the foyer and display area. )
Lighting on vertical walls for displaying halogen insects in adjustable embedded lamps integrated with the building.
As part of the various gallery ceilings, custom fixtures for ambient lighting are installed in prefabricated pile beams.
These fixtures have the flexibility required for sculpture or other free activities
Indirect fluorescent lighting on the luminous ceiling will also be adjusted according to the needs of the day.
The entrance hall gives the impression of a series of ofoverpasses--
Stairs and walkways connecting the exhibition hall upstairs.
The structural beam on the ceiling reflects the curve of the plan.
It was quoted as saying that Maxi was an expressive architectural sculpture, highlighted by elements of natural and artificial light, \"floating masses and Spaces \".
\"The lighting belt on the stairs is also used to connect the passage of the gallery, as well as to span open space.
Fluorescent lights are installed on the lower side of stairs and ramps
Scatter foil and acrylic glass to creatbbon-
Like a light box.
The soft light radiates down and spreads up through the stair grille and path.
Light band hidden in stair hand
The track follows the curve direction.
The track system on the underside of the girder supports additional spotlights for point lighting on sculptures and decoration on hangingart.
\"Controlled alignment of natural and artificial lighting provides a lighting balance that is essential to enjoying art and architecture,\" said Racana . \".
Space has been allocated for the initial 300-Future expansion
Zaha Hadid won 2010 RIBA Stirling award for the best architecture designed by British architects.
Important indicators 21st century art museum area: 312,000 square feet total glass area: 28,000 illumination level: 20 fc key area/fixture type during the day: exhibition spotlight;
Vilma Barr is a regular contributor to LD. THE DESIGNER [
Henry Luke is the head of the Max Fordham Consulting Engineers museum, gallery and archives in London.
He is a chartered engineer and a member of the Association of Electrical Engineers.