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geim, novoselov win nobel prize in physics

by:Dolight LED Panel     2019-08-27
Russian-
Born scientists Andre Gaem and Constantine novorselov shared the Nobel Prize in Physics for \"breakthrough experiments\", a new material expected to play an important role in the field of electronics. Two Russian-
Born scientists shared the Nobel Prize in Physics on Tuesday because they used the thinnest and strongest material known to humans as \"pioneering experiments\" that are critical to creating faster computers and transparent touch screens
Andre Gaem, a professor at the University of Manchester in England, and Constantine novorselov separated graphene in 2004, a form of carbon that is only one atom thick, but more than 100 stronger than steel, according to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, this shows that it has extraordinary performance.
The experiment with graphene may lead to new super-strong materials that make satellites, aircraft, cars, and innovative electronics, the society said, announcing the 1000 trillion Swedish krone ($1. 5 million)award.
\"Graphene transistors are predicted to be much faster than today\'s silicon transistors and lead to more efficient computers,\" the college said in a citation . \".
\"Since graphene is actually a good conductor of transparency, it is suitable for producing transparent touch screens, optical panels, and maybe even solar cells.
Researchers at the University of Southern California use graphene as a highly transparent material in organic photovoltaic solar cells, which are also good at conducting electricity.
OPV batteries are cheaper and more flexible than silicon batteries, and researchers say they can be hung as curtains and even made into fabrics for Power Wear
But they are much less efficient in turning sunlight into electricity.
Geim, 51, is Dutch and Novoselov, 36, has British and Russian nationality.
Both are native Russians, where they began their physical career.
Before moving to the UK, they worked together in the Netherlands.
Novoselov is one of the youngest winners, usually scientists with decades of experience.
The youngest Nobel Prize winner to date is Lawrence Prague, 25 years old when he shared the physics prize with his father William Prague in 1915.
Geim told The Associated Press that he didn\'t expect to win the prize this year and that he had forgotten that it was time for the Nobel Prize committee to call him from Sweden, the Swedish capital.
Geim said the two scientists used simple transparent tape as a key tool in their experiments to peel sheet graphene from a larger piece of graphite.
\"This is a humble technology.
But the hard work came later, he said. He compared the material with plastic, thinking that plastic can completely change the world.
\"It\'s totally possible to change your life like plastic,\" he said . \".
\"It\'s really exciting.
The University of Manchester said geim won the prestigious Korber European science award for the discovery last year.
\"This is a well.
\"This is a well-deserved award,\" said Philip F . \"
Schewe, spokesman for the American Institute of Physics at University Park, Maryland.
\"Graphene is the thinnest material in the world. It is one of the strongest materials in the world. It may be the strongest material in the world.
This is an excellent conductor.
\"The electrons go through it very fast, and that\'s what you want to make circuits with it,\" Schewe said . \".
Graphene, he says, may be a good material for making integrated circuits, a small chip with millions of transistors that are the backbone of all modern Telecom.
Schewe said its properties may also lead to potential uses of building materials, but added that \"it will take some time for this technology to enter mainstream applications . \".
The announcement of the 2010 Nobel Prize began on Monday as the work led to the birth of the first test-tube baby, which was awarded to 85-year-old British researcher Robert Edwards, this achievement has helped bring 4 million babies into the world and raised challenging new issues for human reproduction.
The chemistry prize will be announced on Wednesday, followed by literature on Thursday, the Peace Prize on Friday, and the economics prize on Monday, October. 11.
Founded by Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, the award was first presented in 1901.
Prizes are always distributed on December.
The anniversary of Nobel\'s death in 1896.
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