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department of justice investigates bp for faulty oil spill estimates (video)

by:Dolight LED Panel     2019-08-30
On April 25, 2010, BP assured the Gulf Coast that the disaster had not yet begun.
Five days ago, BP\'s Deepwater Horizon
A massive blowout occurred on the rented rig in the Gulf of Mexico, killing 11 people and seriously injuring 17.
The platform burned for two days and then sank in water 5,000 feet deep.
Less than 48 hours later, BP discovered the leak from its depths. sea well.
BP knows that the well has produced at least 50 million barrels of crude oil, which can release a large amount of crude oil and dwarf the tanker. sized spills.
However, the company\'s experts quickly calculated that the well released only 1,000 barrels of oil per day, an estimate provided to the Coast Guard shortly after the leak was discovered.
The Coast Guard released BP data on April 24.
At a press conference the next day, a New Orleans reporter asked if the leak would cause a leak comparable to the Exxon Valdez disaster.
Doug satres, engineer and chief operating officer for exploration and production at BP, told him it was impossible.
Suttles says there are \"many, many restrictions\" on other drilling equipment in and under the well, which greatly slows the release of oil.
\"It\'s a long way from something more important.
\"The incident soon proved that the guarantee of sutles was very wrong.
At that time, the leak rate was much higher than BP\'s description of the Coast Guard. -
From drilling rigs to closing wells after 87 days, more than 50,000 barrels per day, the government-
The leading group of physicists and engineers will conclude on August.
At this rate, the leak produced Exxon Valdez-
Leak at least every five days.
Today, more than a year after the end of the leak, there are still serious problems about BP\'s role in estimating the size of the submarine sprinkler.
Obviously, throughout the incident, BP failed to accurately estimate the size of the leak to the federal government or the public.
It is also obvious that the company has a strong vested interest in downplaying the scale of the oil spill: federal pollution laws stipulate a fine of up to $4,300 per barrel illegally discharged to the United StatesS. waters.
It is less obvious that the multinational energy giant\'s efforts to determine the scale of the disaster are so short and why it is so short.
BP officials strongly denied deliberately lowering the scale of the oil spill, saying it was overwhelmed by technical challenges to measure the depth of the oil spill
The sea leak, and claimed that the government was equally responsible for the early traffic estimates.
However, the Huffington Post\'s comments on thousands of pages of documents, as well as interviews with dozens of engineers, scientists and government officials, found new information that challenged BP\'s efforts to measure leaks-
It was found that the company may have concealed key data about the well flow rate from federal responders during the leak.
According to federal officials, BP is fully responsible for the first leak estimated to produce 1,000 barrels a day, this figure led some federal and state responders to become complacent about the seriousness of the incident at the beginning of the disaster, which ended on January 2011 by the Presidential Commission for the oil spill.
BP has never publicly acknowledged producing this figure, and even Commission investigators have been unable to determine the method used to produce it.
Documents and interviews also show that BP, using reservoir data, computer modeling and leak pipeline images, may have the ability to calculate more accurate well flow rate estimates than government-provided at the early stage of the leak.
The company either never fully ran the calculations or their results were not disclosed to federal responders.
\"No lack of height-
Coordinating work on this topic from the very beginning, \"said an oil industry consultant who was directly involved in preventing the leak, who asked for anonymity, because he may be summoned to testify in criminal and civil proceedings in connection with the oil spill.
\"If all these calculations are done, traffic can be predicted fairly accurately.
BP declined to answer any questions from Huffington Post through a spokesman about the company\'s efforts to measure the leak.
Current and former BP officials either did not respond to requests for comment or declined to be interviewed.
However, BP\'s lawyers recently acknowledged in public documents that the issue of flow rates has become a \"key\" issue for the company in its oil spill litigation.
In a document submitted to the Federal Court of New Orleans in July, they noted that the company faces at least half
More than a dozen lawsuits have accused it of deliberately downplaying the size of the leak to prop up a slump in the company\'s share price and lower the company\'s earnings per share.
The fine barrels were exposed.
The plaintiffs in these proceedings include the state employee pension fund of Louis Anna and the state of New York and Ohio.
These cases are scheduled to be tried on February 2012 and will be tried in conjunction with hundreds of other civil proceedings, including those brought by the federal government against BP.
According to federal officials, defense lawyers and company executives involved in the response, the flow rate remains the focus of the Justice Department\'s criminal investigation into the oil spill, as they approach the investigation, all of these people were interviewed anonymously by Huffington Post.
Attorney General Eric Holder announced the investigation on June 2010, according to people familiar with the matter, BP is reviewing whether BP officials or employees commit criminal offences by concealing data or providing false or misleading information about the size of the leak to the government or investors.
The executive, who was told about the contents of the investigation, said the federal criminal investigation \"continues \".
\"There must be a few problems with BP.
One is traffic.
\"According to the regulatory document submitted by Burton on July, the federal criminal investigation now includes a grand jury, a key step before the prosecution, which worked on the well before the rig exploded.
\"The Justice Department convened a grand jury in the state of Luis Anna to investigate potential criminal acts related to the Macondo well incident,\" the company wrote . \".
A spokesman for the Ministry of Justice will not confirm or deny the existence of the grand jury, nor will it discuss the specifics of the investigation, just saying that the criminal investigation into the oil spill is still active.
Many legal experts say the federal criminal charges against BP and other companies involved in the Deepwater Horizon disaster may be, almost certainly, including minor offences or felony violations of the Clean Water Act and other environmental regulations.
If evidence is found that the rig explosion is a result of the manager or executive\'s indifference to safety, criminal negligence and manslaughter charges may also be filed.
But the allegations are more likely to target the entire company than the individual.
On the other hand, criminal charges based on deception are more typically directed against individuals.
\"Anyone who cheats or misleads the government could face charges, which is beyond doubt,\" said Sam Bell, a law professor at Duke University and former federal prosecutor.
\"When they sue these cases, they usually sue individuals.
\"In the event that the traffic estimate is flawed, the prosecutor may be aware of any cover --ups --
If they do exist-is unclear.
Such evidence may take the form of an email record or other document, or it may take the form of testimony from BP personnel involved in early response work.
\"Is it incompetent or deliberate?
This is one or the other, \"said the representative. Edward J. Markey (D-Mass. )
, As chairman of the House Energy subcommittee, he used the power of the summons to force BP to disclose internal documents, state its efforts to measure traffic, and share with the public the video of a submarine leak.
\"What does BP know, when do they know?
This is the challenge we face . \"
A rig runs down from the rear of Adm.
Mary Landry fell asleep on the evening of April 20, 2010 when she received a call saying that a deep-water rig in the Gulf of Mexico was rocked by a series of explosions and swallowed up by a fire.
As commander of area 8 of the Coast Guard covering most of the Gulf of Mexico, the responsibility for the accident falls entirely on Landry\'s shoulders, and she will spend a lot of time issuing orders to hear reports from field officials, and pass on the information to other government agencies and her command system.
In an exclusive interview with Huffington Post, Landry recalled that one of her initial actions was to send Coast Guard investigators to the scene and begin to unravel the cause of the accident.
She said: \"One thing I particularly remember is to say, \'Get the investigators out as soon as possible before the company proposes a lawyer. \'. \".
\"I hope to interview survivors as soon as possible.
\"Within hours, statistics from the rescued showed that 11 people had not escaped from the fire on the rig.
The men will be declared missing at sea after an intensive 24 hours.
Hour search without body.
17 others were seriously injured.
With the search for survivors coming to an end, rescuers are focused on the possibility that a rig disaster could trigger a catastrophic oil spill.
Early reports made it clear that the rig suffered a major blowout, a strong burst of natural gas and oil through a concrete plug, this concrete plug was designed to shut down in a newly completed and then overcome thousands of gallons of heavy drilling fluid and sea water as it delivered 5,000 feet of the pipe to the water surface.
As a result, there is a fountain above the rig consisting of drilling fluid and sea water, followed by a mass of highly explosive gases that quickly engulf the rig.
The spark ignited the gas, and the explosion ripped the deck, causing extensive damage and destruction.
When the desperate attempt to stop the flow of water in the well failed, the rig was abandoned.
Even if the platform was burned down, BP and Transocean technicians, the owner and operator of the rig, used the undersea robot known as the remote control vehicle, in a futile attempt to start the blowout preventer, A 500-
Bottom of the Sea of per ton steel monster is to ensure that safety under-sea of final faultof-control well.
On the morning of April 22, an internal Coast Guard log stated: \"The underwater robot has tried to close the well several times . \".
All attempts failed.
\"The day before, a Coast Guard log noted that the well released up to 8,000 barrels of oil per day, but the source of this estimate is not clear. At mid-
One day in April 22, 32,000-
The ton-level Deepwater Horizon, still swallowed up by flames, slipped under the waves.
When it sinks, the riser--a roughly 20-
Inch diameter pipe connecting well to rig--
Falling off the bottom of the platform, crumpled to the bottom of the sea, still attached to the spray ---
And a well that spews.
In a few hours, equipped with high
Defined cameras and wired cameras that transmit video to the surface through fiber optic cables return to work, looking for the seabed for the rig, and assessing the condition of the well and the riser.
An early report by BP on the morning of April 23 was positive, saying ROVs had determined that the well was sealed and there was no leakage.
Landry immediately conveyed the good news to the public on all major online morning shows.
\"There is no oil leakage from the wellhead at this time.
\"There is no oil leak in the riser,\" she told an interviewer . \".
Shortly after notifying the safety of the national well, Landry received a call from Doug Satel, BP\'s chief operating officer for global exploration and production.
Suttles, one of the first BP executives to be present after the rig exploded, was the public face of BP\'s response to the disaster in the first few days of the leak.
Suttles has a bad news: ROVs found a leak at the end of the riser, where it ripped from the bottom of the rig.
Landry said that shortly after sharing the leak, BP provided the Coast Guard with an estimate of how many barrels of oil flowed out of the well every day.
\"They are estimated to be thousands,\" she said . \".
Landry is not sure who exactly BP has provided the number to the Coast Guard, but she said she believes the number is from Satel.
\"That must be Doug Satel,\" she told Huffington Post . \".
\"Someone gave Doug the number.
Doug satres, who retired from BP earlier this year, did not respond to several messages he left at his home in Texas.
At a press conference on Saturday afternoon, April 24, Landry announced to the public an estimate of BP\'s 1,000 barrels per day.
In the media\'s view, this figure represents the official first estimate of the size of the leak and is heavily repeated without doubt.
The next day, at a press conference at the headquarters of the Robert coast guard oil spill response in Los Angeles.
Officials such as Landry and Satel and company delegates answered questions about the oil spill.
Green Boyd, a reporter for ABC 26 News in New Orleans, asked Landry to quantify the size of the leak as she understood it. \"Valdez --
We all remember, \"said Boyd.
\"If you don\'t cap this thing, what are we saying here?
\"Landry quickly assured him that the leak would not be a repeat of the Valdez disaster.
\"Let\'s tell the difference between 1,000-barrels-per-
\"If the well is fully open, what will it release,\" Landry said . \".
\"This is a serious incident.
This is a very serious leak response, which is necessary. \"(
The Washington Post reporter Joel akenbach will note in his April 2011 book, a hole in the bottom of the sea, Landry\'s false optimism about the oil spill, the place where this sentence first appeared. )
Then Doug satres took to the podium.
He explained to Boyd that the flow of water from the well was much less than when the rig was still floating and swallowed up by flames.
\"The speed we\'re seeing today is much lower than what you\'re seeing when the rig is on fire,\" says Suttles . \".
\"So as a reference, this is many, many times smaller than this one.
Suttles then confidently pointed out that BP has been able to determine the limits within the well, the blowout preventer and the tube ---
Bent when the rig collapsed. -
Almost all potential flows from potential reservoirs are hindered.
\"With the advent of traffic, there are a lot of restrictions on this first-class volume, which is why traffic is much lower than before,\" said Suttles . \".
\"It\'s a long way from something more important.
Reporters basically put 1,000barrel-per-day estimate --
Landry and suttles guarantee that the leak will not be a major disaster. -at face value.
A former senior Obama administration official was closely involved in the federal response to the oil spill, Landry said in an interview, landry has published BP\'s preliminary estimate without first receiving a scientific review, which is wrong.
\"Mary simply accepted these early assessments,\" the official said . \" He asked for anonymity because the government was involved in criminal and civil proceedings related to the oil spill.
\"Because we have already disclosed the number of 1,000 barrels, we have to have it.
Landry gave a strong defense to her handling of the early assessment.
\"You go with the information you had at the time,\" she said . \".
On the front line of the leak response, 1,000-
Barrels are estimated to raise suspicion almost immediately in some areas.
The clean-up ships and oil dispensers quickly gathered at the well site, and aircraft and satellites were tracking the appearance of offshore oil.
According to early satellite analysis, the leaking oil slick and gloss had covered more than 800 square miles of the ocean as early as Sunday, April 25.
The most suspicious is Charlie Henry, a marine scientist at the National Atmospheric and marine administration.
Henry is the chief scientific adviser to the Coast Guard in the Gulf of Mexico to deal with the oil spill.
Although Henry took the lead in science, he did not approve the initial 1,000. Estimates of barrels.
In an interview, Henry said observers flying from the oil spill had been reporting
The amount of oil on the surface of the ocean is increasing, which indicates that 1,000-
The number of barrels is too low.
\"The feedback I got from the field is that there is a lot of oil,\" he said . \".
\"These numbers,\" he recalled the idea at the time, \"are just not resolved.
\"Henry, without consulting with BP or the Coast Guard, sent the leaked field data to a NOAA colleague in Seattle, who rushed to make a rough estimate, the flow from the well reaches at least 5,000 barrels per day.
With these figures, Henry made a strong statement to Landry urging her to revise the Coast Guard\'s traffic estimate upwards to at least 5,000 barrels per day.
Landry, in turn, said she brought the new NOAA calculation to Doug satres.
Suttles then launched BP\'s second attempt to measure the size of the leak internally.
\"Doug works with his people in Houston,\" Landry said . \".
Soon, with the latest data from BP based in Houston, Suttles fought back on new, higher NOAA estimates.
In a room at Robert\'s leak response command post in Los Angeles.
He made a presentation with figures and charts on the easel, believing that a better estimate of the flow from the well would be 2,500 barrels per day.
BP is only slightly higher than the second estimate, which appears to be based on an analysis of the pressure within the underlying reservoir, as well as an analysis of the condition of submarine equipment, including drill pipes, Landry said, riser and blowout preventer, that is, the blowout preventer.
\"They\'re doing the diameter of the pipe, they\'re doing the casing thing, and they\'re evaluating what they think happened to the blowout preventer components that were closed,\" she said.
\"They made some estimates of what they thought was working at the BOP.
\"Despite the statement by sutles, Landry held a press conference later in April 28 and announced that the official estimate of the leak is now 5,000 barrels per day.
Suttles initially declined to accept the new figure and insisted in several interviews the next day that the best estimate would still be \"1,000 to 5,000 barrels per day \".
\"The revised estimate has caused a stir in the media, triggering a series of reports that the scale of the oil spill has expanded five times --fold overnight.
The new figures also sparked a strong reaction from the Obama administration, which declared the leak a \"national leak,\" an official name that allows respondents to mobilize resources from anywhere in the country.
Whether the new estimates and the State leak statement will meaningfully change the tone of the response remains a controversial topic.
But at the very least, the statement will lead to the appointment of the Coast Guard commander, Admiral Sade Allen, as \"National accident commander\", \"replacing Landry as the chief federal officer in charge of the oil spill response.
The presidential commission investigating the oil spill will also conclude that higher flow rate estimates have exacerbated the urgency of fighting the spill and may have accelerated towards the Gulf Coast
In the end, BP will give up its previous objections and accept 5,000-barrel-per-day estimate.
In recent months, although the scale of the oil spill has grown almost exponentially, company officials have repeatedly announced to the public and the government that this figure is the company\'s best estimate of the leak rate.
But the new 5,000 does not take a long time.
It is estimated that he has been severely criticized by some outside experts.
The first objection to getting media attention came from John Amos, a former oil industry consultant and president of SkyTruth
Profit groups using satellite images to track environmental issues.
Amos, along with Ian McDonald, an oceanologist at Florida State University, analyzed NASA\'s series of oil spill images and used BP\'s own leak thickness calculations to estimate the leak rate much higher, about 20,000 barrels a day.
The estimate was published on the SkyTruth blog on April 28, on the day the Coast Guard revised the leak estimate upwards ---
5,000 barrels per day.
It will take a few days for these dissidents to appear in the mainstream media.
Amos said in an interview that he found it \"very hard to believe\" that BP lacked technical knowledge\"
How to calculate a reasonable and accurate well with basic geological and engineering knowledgeflow number.
\"I have worked with BP\'s technicians and they are the toughest people I have ever met,\" he said . \".
\"Any reservoir engineer who is worth their salt will know that the potential flow rate of the blowout will be much higher.
\"In the early days, another external scientist will again use the information provided by BP to challenge traffic estimation.
Under pressure from Congress and the media, the company released a short video clip showing the rolling clouds on the broken riser.
The quality of the clip is poor, only 30 seconds long.
But it contains enough visual data to make Steven T.
Wereley, professor at Purdue University, mechanical engineering, estimated flow generated using one month-year-
The old geophysical technology known as particle Image speed measurement method.
By tracking the movement of pixels in the video image, Wereley was able to determine the speed at which oil and gas left the cracked pipeline.
This number is combined with the measurement of the volume of the pipe, and the estimation of the flow rate is much higher than that of BP propagation.
On the morning of May 14, Wei Li\'s data was broadcast by the National Public Radio station, which commissioned him to analyze it.
He estimates that the main leak at the end of the riser releases 56,000 to 80,000 barrels of liquid per day.
Wei Li pointed out that the fluid from the well is not all oil. -
At a certain point in the video, it seems to be mainly composed of lighter-colored gas.
However, Wei Li said that even after considering the presence of a large number of gases, the video showed that the gas leaked was much larger than previously identified.
In the coming week, the professor will appear before the House Energy and Environment Subcommittee in Maki.
\"I don\'t see any possibility and their numbers are accurate in any case,\" Wereley testified . \".
BP executives are fighting back again.
In an interview with Andrea Mitchell of MSNBC on the afternoon of May 14, BP chief executive Bob Dudley said that Wei Li\'s data was \"a bit exaggerated and a bit alarmist.
The higher estimates \"do not match with many experts and scientists,\" Dudley said \".
\"5,000 barrels per day, although inaccurate, is the best estimate by industry experts,\" he concluded . \".
Dudley claims that the \"many experts and scientists\" of BP and the federal government have been working together to calculate the well flow rate, which is highly misleading, however.
On the contrary, when Wereley\'s calculations appeared, BP provided the Coast Guard with little documentation of the company\'s attempt to measure the flow rate.
\"They didn\'t write me a written independent calculation until the mid-term.
Said Landry.
The written estimate will depend on a superficial observation of the oil slick, although the famous oil spill expert has publicly warned that the method is wrong
Suitable for measuring deep flow-sea discharge.
BP once again concluded that its best estimate for traffic is about 5,000 barrels per day.
On the day after Dudley announced that \"many experts and scientists\" were working to determine the flow rate, a spokesman for BP told the New York Times, the company has abandoned any further efforts to measure the flow of oil on the seabed.
\"At this point, we will not take any additional effort now to calculate the traffic there,\" BP spokesman Tom Miller told The Times on May 15.
\"It has nothing to do with the response effort and may even reduce the response effort.
The suspicion of BP mathematics is already very good.
According to Energy Department officials involved in the federal government\'s efforts to measure flow rates, this is made up of some senior government officials.
On May 20, the Coast Guard announced the establishment of a flow technical team, a government-
Led team of scientists responsible for evaluating actual flow rates using various science and technology.
Wesley is a group of physicists and top-notch.
A flight engineer who uses particle image analysis to measure the volume of the leak.
In an interview, Energy Department officials said federal scientists had begun preliminary calculations of traffic, about two weeks before the technical team announced it.
\"To be fair, before we start, we feel that this number is higher than 5,000,\" the official said . \" He requested anonymity because his office may have been involved in criminal or civil proceedings in connection with the oil spill.
Just a few days after the Federal Flow Group was set up, BP has begun its most ambitious attempt to stop leaks on the seabed.
BP calls it the \"top well\" operation, which involves pumping thousands of barrels of heavy fluids called \"drilling mud\" into the well through a blowout preventer.
A few days after pumping the drilling mud, it is clear that this effort has failed.
BP then tried a \"trash shot\" to inject golf balls and other debris into the blowout preventer to strengthen mud flow against oil and gas leaks from the well.
Garbage shooting also failed, and in May 29 efforts to kill the well from above were abandoned.
As before, BP\'s oil well had a large oil cloud flowing into the Gulf of Mexico.
Landry was involved in discussions about the \"top killing\" approach, and BP\'s calculation of the operation was based on the assumption that the best estimate of the flow from the well was only 5,000 barrels per day.
\"Top killer, if you look at the design of how much mud they put ---
\"This is based on an estimate of 5,000 barrels,\" she said . \".
Landry recalled that if BP had advised the well to flow at a higher rate at that time, she would immediately show the figures to the public.
\"If they did, I would say, \'What is this?
We go out and tell the world, \'she said.
An oil industry consultant who was directly involved in the well blockage work of BP\'s US branchS.
Houston headquarters told Huffington Post that, contrary to BP\'s statement to the Coast Guard, Houston\'s BP and third-party engineers had data early on indicating that, well flow is \"much higher than\" 5,000 barrels per day.
\"Our calculations show us that this is much higher than what is being talked about,\" the consultant said . \" He asked for anonymity as he approached the pending proceedings for the disaster.
He added that top kill and trash shooting \"The chances of working are very, very low depending on the amount we see from the well \".
An internal BP document representingEdward J.
Markey recently provided a report to the House Energy and Environment Subcommittee as part of a congressional investigation into the company\'s measurement of the size of the leak, and also indicated that BP checked for higher flow rates.
The undated document states that \"the expected range of possible flow rates is 5,000 to 40,000 barrels/day . \".
Later in May, BP had officially handed over responsibility for estimating the flow rate to the technical team and then postponed the flow rate issue to the federal government.
However, the federal procedure is not without hiccups, and the initial estimate of the new flow group must be revised upwards more than once.
When the pressure gauge is mounted directly on the safety helmet of the final sealed well, the reading allows the government to confidently announce its best estimate of flow: 53,000 to 62,000 barrels per day since the leak began, the error margin is positive and negative 10%.
On June 1, 2010, more than five weeks after the disaster, Attorney General Eric Holder filed a lawsuit against the spill, traveling to the Gulf of Mexico to investigate, check the damage and make an unexpected announcement: Justice Department, he told a news conference in New Orleans that a criminal investigation into the sinking of the Deepwater Horizon and the oil spill was underway.
\"If we find evidence of illegal acts, our response will be very strong,\" Holder warned . \".
\"We will be meticulous.
We will be comprehensive.
We will be aggressive.
\"Soon a group of federal prosecutors moved into the office of the Texaco building across the Federal Court Street in New Orleans.
They will be there for a long time--
15 months.
Litigation over the sinking of the Deepwater Horizon and the oil spill has become one of the largest and most complex legal issues in the United States. S.
This is history, experts say.
\"The effort to find comparability is futile,\" said David Ulman, a former senior prosecutor at the Department of Environmental crime at the Ministry of Justice and a law professor at the University of Michigan.
\"It will be the biggest criminal case ever.
\"As the lessee and majority owner of the Macondo well, BP bears sole civil liability for the impact of the oil spill.
But all the other companies involved in drilling, including the one that owns and operates this doomed drilling platform, and the one that Transocean, may eventually be charged with criminal offences
In a federal regulatory document dated July, Harry Burton noted that the Justice Department\'s criminal and civil investigation into the rig explosion and oil spill is ongoing and that there is now a federal grand jury in the state of Luis Anna.
\"As of July 21, 2011, the Ministry of Justice has not filed any civil or criminal proceedings against us,\" the document said . \".
A spokesman for the company said that, in addition to the contents contained in the document, the company did not comment further on the criminal investigation.
Transocean also noted in a document submitted to the financial regulator in April 2011 that the explosion and sinking of the Deepwater Horizon rig is being investigated by the Ministry of Justice in criminal and civil terms, and indicate to what extent it \"finds\" or \", if any, we may be subject to fines, sanctions or other penalties.
\"A spokesman for Transocean did not respond to requests for comment at the time of publication.
Defense lawyers for drilling workers involved in the disaster say they don\'t know what kind of cases the prosecutor is building.
Dick DeGuerin said that the time the prosecutor waited for the prosecution should not be seen as a signal that the government is working to file a case, a Houston defense lawyer who specializes in complex white people.
Defend big energy companies in similar situations.
\"Criminal cases are coming,\" DeGuerin said . \".
\"They are slowly coming.
\"However, it is another matter whether the prosecution includes allegations related to BP\'s erroneous flow rate estimates.
Prosecutors need convincing evidence that company officials or personnel deliberately conceal important information about the size of the leak, or provide estimates that they know are unreliable.
\"It\'s not enough to just show that BP is wrong with the amount of oil coming out of the well,\" Uhlmann said . \".
The details of the investigation were strictly grasped, but senior officials at the Ministry of Justice did confirm that the leadership of the investigation had changed earlier this year.
When the investigation was first launched, it was controlled by the Department of Justice\'s environmental crime unit and led by experienced environmental prosecutor Howard Stewart.
However, the Department of Justice said in the March that it had replaced Stewart with John Bretta, a Brooklyn prosecutor to take his figures on organized crime
Case of white collar fraud
A spokesman for the department said in a statement that the change was intended to \"avoid duplication of work \".
\"Federal prosecutors have recruited at least one traffic expert to assist their investigation: Steven Weili, a scientist at Purdue University, whose flow rate analysis weakens BP\'s claim, that is, it is impossible to estimate the size of the leak from the observation of what happened under the sea.
\"The only thing I can tell you about the Justice Department case is that I\'m involved,\" said Wesley . \".
\"I am one of the experts.
\"Even if the federal prosecutor ultimately chooses not to sue an individual on the grounds of false statements or fraud, any evidence that appears in a criminal or civil trial indicates that, BP is less willing to disclose to the government its knowledge of the size of the leak, which could still be expensive for the company.
A report by the president\'s oil spill commission staff on last December concluded that early low estimates could lead to complacency from the Coast Guard and other federal agencies.
\"The resources mobilized to prevent oil spills lag behind,\" the committee concluded . \".
\"In the first ten days of the leak, there seems to be an excessive feeling
Optimism affects response. \"For Rep.
Ed Markey, criminal and civil cases against BP are critical, in part because Congress has so far failed to address regulatory deficiencies that have led to the disaster.
\"Accountability is important.
This is the only way to have sufficient deterrent effect on the recurrence of this situation, \"said Maki.
\"This is a historic battle,\" he added . \"
\"This is a situation where the government will not be wrong.
\"Admiral Mary Landry, as the original federal officer
The on-site coordinator, who conveyed BP\'s inaccurate first leak estimate to the public, said it was up to the Justice Department to determine whether BP deliberately provided unreliable information to the government.
\"I believe justice will be done,\" she said . \"
But she said that as the main responder of the federal government in the previous much smaller oil spill, she saw some companies mislead the government on the scale of the release of oil or chemicals and in the criminal court
\"The company knows that the problem that has always been in history is if you lie to the federal government,\" Landry said . \".
\"It\'s your danger that you messed us up.
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